Publication date: 18 December 2021
Findings of this study show that Arua district is very vulnerable to climate
change impact risk. The vulnerability and effects of different climate hazards
and land issues vary with social groups and livelihood activities. The key
climate hazards identified were drought, erratic weather patterns as well as
climate induced pests and diseases. The land rights issues included lack of:
(1) land ownership, (2) control over land, and (3) knowledge on land rights.
Smallholder farmers were associated with the highest level of exposure to
drought, floods, erratic weather patterns as well as climate induced pests
and diseases like maize streak, cassava mosaic/brown streak, ground nuts
rosette, among others. Women were particularly more affected by drought
than other groups. The nature and degree of exposure to these hazards
was worse for women/people with disabilities and those living with HIV/
AIDs because of marginalisation and inherent physical inabilities.