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Publication date: 03 Aug 2020

Climate Finance Mobilization in Uganda: The most viable financing option

This policy briefing paper provides a summary of the key findings of the study and highlights the possible climate finance mobilization mechanisms feasible for Uganda.

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Publication date: 29 July 2020

Financing Local Governments in Uganda: An Analysis of the Draft National Budget Estimates for FY2020/21 and Proposals for Reallocation

This study was a follow-up of the 2019 study intended to examine the Budget Framework Paper (BFP) and the National Budget Estimates for FY 2020/21 to identify the budget lines for devolved services that had been allocated to Central Government MDAs. It was intended as strategy for advocacy for increasing the financing of LGs in the FY 2020/21 national budget.

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Publication date: 10 June 2020

CUSHIONING LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FROM THE IMPACT OF COVID-19

This policy brief presents proposals that will cushion local governments from the impact of COVID-19. Undeniably, responding to Covid-19 challenges at any level is associated with heavy demands on human, financial and logistical resources. Globally, Covid-19 emergence response is multi-sectorial to enable a holistic solution to the concomitant challenges. District councils, a creation of the Local Government Act are mandated to oversee health services. Other than frontline health workers, each district has a community-based services department with officers’ in-charge of probation and social welfare, social rehabilitation, children and youth affairs, gender, disability and elderly, culture, labour and many others. Since the mandate of personnel in this department is to operate in communities, these should be enlisted to respond and manage the community-component of Covid-19.

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Publication date: 10 June 2020

CREATION OF NEW CITIES IN UGANDA: Social Economic and Political Implications

This report analyses the socioeconomic implication of new cities in Uganda. The operationalization of new cities requires office structures, staff and other administrative resources that are vital for daily operations. These come with a hefty price tag that can only increase public administration expenditure. Besides the start-up funds, the administrative units require operational funds to enable them to implement their mandate as stipulated in the Local Government Act, 1997. Some of the responsibilities under their mandate include service delivery, governance and administration.

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Publication date: 20 May 2020

Launch of the 8th Local Government Councils Scorecard Report FY 2018/19: Summary Report of the Proceedings

This report presents the proceedings of the launch of the 8th Local Government Councils Scorecard report for the Financial Year 2018/2019 held at Hotel Africana in Kampala. The theme of the launch was: “The Next Big Steps: Consolidating Gains of Decentralisation and Repositioning the Local Government Sector in Uganda.” It was collaboratively convened by the Ministry of Local Government (MoLG), the Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE) and the Uganda Local Governments Association (ULGA). The scorecard assessed the performance of elected district local government leaders in 35 districts strewn across the country, in the context of the decentralisation policy.

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Publication date: 10 March 2020

The Local Government Councils' Scorecard FY 2018/19: The Next Big Steps; Consolidating Gains of Decentralisation and Repositioning the Local Government Sector in Uganda

This eighth national Local Government Councils Scorecard report presents findings and results of the performance of elected political leaders at the district levels during the Financial Year 2018/2019. The Local Government Councils Scorecard FY 2018/19 report takes stock of where Uganda is on the road to full realization of the vision of decentralization and recommends a broad array of steps that would take the country much closer to that destination. The Scorecard methodology is unique in that it combines capacity-building and evidence-based assessment of elected local government leaders in a way that both strengthens local government institutions and holds leaders accountable for delivering the public services to which citizens are entitled. The methodology, described in this book, also incorporates an innovative civic engagement action planning process that builds capacity among citizens to use the tools of civic engagement to demand that public services are delivered.

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Publication date: 10 March 2020

MEMORUNDUM OF ISSUES ON THE AMMENDMENT TO THE LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ACT, CAP 243

This memorandum seeks to contribute to the on-going ammendment to the Local Governments Act. The memorundum is based on the research, capacity building and outreach activities that ACODE has implemented in Local Governments over the last 10 years. This is very timely in view of the fact that MoLG has recently been granted a sector status, the Local Government Sector.

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Publication date: 03 Feb 2020

Mainstreaming Climate Change in the National Budget: Memorandum of Issues from the Review of the Budget Framework Paper for FY2020/2021

This memorandum of issues seeks to contribute to the on-going process of providing policy proposals on climate change mainstreaming during the debate on the budget framework paper. The memorundum has been prepared by the advocates Coalition for Development and environment (ACODE) and is based on an elaborate consultative process involving the National Planning Authority (NPA), Climate Change Department (CCD) and the Parliamentary Committee on Climate Change. We believe that this memorandum will make a signficant contribution to the debate of the 2020/2021 national budget process

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Publication date: 21 Jun 2019

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN UGANDA: Democracy, Accountability and Civic Engagement

While the notion of Local Government remains contentious in literature, consensus appears to be that it brings government nearer to the people. The book discusses operations of the Local Government system in Uganda in the context of social accountability as a tool for deepening democracy. Using ACODE’s social accountability strategies like local government council scorecards, civic engagement meetings and technology, the book examines roles that citizens and the civil society play in solving capacity problems. The book contends that functional decentralization empowers Local Governments, improves service delivery and fosters citizens’ eagerness to demand accountability.

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Publication date: 13 May 2019

PEACE-BUILDING IN POST-CONFLICT SOCIETIES: Rehabilitation of Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda

This book on Peace-building in Post-Conflict Societies examines the child-soldier phenomenon in Northern Uganda from African and global intellectual perspectives. The book discusses strategies used in recruiting and using child-soldiers by armed groups and government forces and also interrogates the extant national, regional and international legal mechanisms for protecting them. The book also critically examines the strategies of disarmament, demobilization, re-integration and rehabilitation (DDRR) of child-soldiers as part of peace-building efforts in post-conflict Uganda. It compares the African traditional approaches with the Western model of re-integration and rehabilitation and recommends reliance on the traditional African systems -but without discarding the relevant aspects of the Western model.

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Publication date: 21 Jun 2019

NATURAL RESOURCE GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD IN UGANDA

Uganda, like many countries in Africa, faces the “paradox of poverty amidst plenty”. While the country is blessed with many natural resources including fertile land, abundant water, good climate, fisheries, forests, minerals, oil and gas; these assets have not been used optimally to transform the lives of citizens. Why is this so? What can be done to guarantee sustainable use of these resources and ensure that they are used to improve and transform the lives of majority of Ugandans? What lessons can Uganda learn from other countries? What lessons does Uganda offer to other countries? Focusing on Uganda’s forestry, land, fisheries and the oil and gas sub-sectors, the book interrogates these questions and highlights the governance issues that need to be addressed. Based on gaps identified and lessons from other countries, it proffers measures that need to be undertaken to enhance the governance of the country’s natural resources in a manner that utilizes them to improve the lives of majority of its citizens.

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Publication date: 21 Jun 2019

Public Expenditure Governance in Uganda: Inputs, Processes and Outputs

Good governance of public resources has a far reaching impact on development outcomes. Over time it has become clear that capitalism has excluded a larger part of society, leading to worsening development indicators. Cognisant of the limited participation of rural communities in development, Uganda introduced a decentralisation policy in 1992 in a bid to involve more communities in the development process. The policy transferred powers, responsibilities and resources to local governments. By devolving powers to district leaders, it was envisioned that the decentralisation policy would improve service delivery and political accountability. This book analyses the nexus between public expenditure, governance and development outcomes in Uganda. It presents several case studies in four sectors; agriculture, health, education and roads to demonstrate the interaction of various actors in the management of public expenditure within a political economy conceptual framework. Based on these, the book contends that a mere allocation of public resources without the appropriate functioning of institutions may limit the achievement of the desired development outcomes.

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Publication date: 23 Oct 2019

Strengthening Climate Resilience through Integration of Climate Change, Women and Youth Issues in Uganda's Agriculture Sector: Analysis of Agriculture Related Policies and Programmes

This report provides insights into building a gender sensitive climate smart agriculture while reducing the vulnerability of women, youth and refugees to the adversity impacted by climate change. It shows that successful mainstreaming of climate change in the agricultural sector and implementation of gender sensitive climate resilient agricultural policies, programmes and practices require strong and reliable climate information services and early warning systems, enhanced technical and institutional capacities, enabling legal framework, and strong monitoring and reporting mechanisms. A strong commitment to innovative climate financing and increasing budget allocation for climate change to the sectors especially Local Governments (LGs) is also essential...

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Publication date: 26 Aug 2019

Contract Transparency in Uganda's Petroleum and Mining Sectors

This publication draws from the literature on contract transparency as well as interviews with key experts in Uganda's extractives sector. It concludes that while legal frameworks on transparency and disclosure provisions exist, they have not been effective in ensuring that citizens gain access to information on the details of the contracts; and the level of contract transparency and disclosure in the oil and gas sector is higher than in the mining sector. While information on mining licenses is provided on the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development website and the mining cadastre is publicly available, vital information on actual deposits and revenue sharing is not publicly available....

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Publication date: 30 Aug 2019

Decentralisation; Trends, Achievements and the Way-forward for Local Governments in Uganda: Conference Report - Summary

This report is a synthesis of the proceedings of a national conference on Decentralisation policy held in Kampala, Uganda, on August 13, 2019 under the theme "Decentralisation: Trends, Gains, Challenges and the Future of Local Governments in Uganda"...

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Publication date: 12 Aug 2019

Decentralisation in Uganda: Trends, Achievements, Challenges and Proposals for Consolidation

This report examines the inception and implementation of the decentralisation policy in Uganda and proposes somes reforms. It is an outcome of a comprehensive study of how the decentralisation policy was implemented. It seeks to appraise the practice in terms of achievements and challenges in the legal, policy, and institutional framework....

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Publication date: 12 Aug 2019

Financing Local Governments in Uganda: An analysis of Proposed National Budget FY 2019/20 and Proposals for Re-allocation

The study relied mainly on an extensive document review of all relevant budget documents focusing mainly on the Draft Estimates of Expenditure (Recurrent and Development) FY 2019/20. Identifying budget lines meant for LGs, was done through three stages, by determining whether: budget line was relevant or not to LGs; the identified budget line could be transferred directly to the LGs or not; and the budget line could be rationalized by the MDAs to improve service delivery and also free funds for LGs. The exercise explicitly took a 'prioritised' approach to identify LG relevant budgets and did not exhaustively review each and every expenditure item within the national budget...

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Publication date: 29 May 2019

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and the Role of Stakeholders

This publication highlights the the evolution of EITI and the role of different stakeholders in enhancing transparency over payments and revenues in the extractive industries in countries heavily dependent on these resources...

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Publication date: 29 May 2019

Review of the Gender Compliance Assessment of Uganda's National Budget: A Focus on the Agricultural Sector

The study examined the approach used to integrate gender issues in the budgeting process in Uganda. It focused on the agriculture sector and specifically analysed the Ministerial Policy Statements of four institutions: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF); National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS); National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO); and Uganda Coffee Development Authority (UCDA)...

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Publication date: 19 Apr 2019

Gender Analysis and Monitoring of District Budgets: Training Manual

This is a training Manual for building capacity in gender analysis and monitoring of district budgets in Uganda...

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Publication date: 1 Mar 2019

Community participation to improve health services for children: a methodology for a community dialogue intervention in Uganda

The article describe a process of community dialoguing through use of citizen report cards, short-text-messages, media and post-dialogue monitoring. Each community dialogue assembled 70-100 members including health workers and community leaders. After each community dialogue, participants implemented activities outlined in generated community contracts. Radio messages promoted demand for child-health services and elicited support to implement accepted activities...

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Publication date: 19 Apr 2019

Review of Gender Budgeting at Sub-national Level in Uganda: Insights from Mbarara, Mukono and Soroti Districts

The report presents findings of the study that analysed gender responsiveness in budgeting at sub-national level in Uganda. It studied how gender was mainstreamed in the budgets for health and agriculture in three districts, namely, Mukono, Soroti, and Mbarara...

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Publication date: 13 Mar 2019

Holding governments accountable for service delivery: the local government councils scorecard initiative in Uganda

Uganda’s Local Government Councils Scorecard Initiative is a strategic social accountability initiative designed to enable citizens to demand excellence of their local governments and enable local governments to respond to citizen demands for effective and efficient service delivery. The initiative is implemented in partnership with the Uganda Local Governments Association. The centrepiece of the initiative is the local government council scorecard, a capacity-building tool for assessing the performance of district-level elected officials in accordance with roles and responsibilities set out in the Uganda's Local Government Act 1997 (as amended)...

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Publication date: 09 Mar 2019

Supporting Business Opportunities for Rural Women in East and Southern Africa: A Case Study of Uganda

The report documents findings from a collaborative research undertaken in Uganda, Kenya and Zimbabwe to support the economic empowerment of rural women in value addition businesses through identification and promotion of viable business enterprises that lead to the creation of decent and sustainable jobs. The report examines the structural barriers that constrain women from becoming more innovative and their ability to take advantage of the opportunities available for business development...

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Publication date: 29 Jan 2019

Chinese investment in Uganda: new impetus for sustainable development?

Investment from China can provide opportunities to harness Uganda's land and forest resources in productive and sustainable ways. To reap these benefits, Uganda needs to respond to the challenges this investment brings and build on recent progress...

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Publication date: 29 Jan 2019

Assessing Public Expenditure Governance of the Primary Health Care Programme in Uganda

This paper is an indicator based assessment in design using the Public Expenditure Governance Framework. The practices and processes of the study districts were assessed based on nine PEG principles namely, strategic vision, accountability, equity, participation, transparency, responsiveness, control of corruption, effectiveness and efficiency, and coordination...

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Publication date: 20 Dec 2018

EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE (EITI): Understanding the Principles and Benefits

This infographic booklet simplifies EITI principles and shows the read why Uganda should adopt EITI principles and implement EITI standards to maximise benefits from extractives...

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Publication date: 15 May 2018

Supporting Business Opportunities for Rural Women in East and Southern Africa: A case study of Uganda

The study examines the characteristics of rural women doing business in Uganda. It analyses the nature of business operations and structural barriers women face thus hindering them from seizing economic opportunities. It is part of a collaborative research project on "Supporting Opportunities for Rural Women in Business in East and Southern Africa" implemented in three countries: Zimbabwe, Kenya and Uganda...

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Publication date: 10 March 2018

Greening Uganda's Economy as the Sustainable Pathway to Middle Income Status

This report suggests that the green growth model, if effectively implemented, has the potential to contribute to addressing some of the sustainable development challenges facing the country such as high levels of unemployment especially for the youths currently estimated at 78 percent...

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Publication date: 19 Jan 2018

Public Expenditure Governance in Uganda's Agricultural Extension System

This paper assesses the governance of public expenditure in Uganda's agricultural extension system. It posits that weak governance of agricultural extension and its public expenditure is the missing link.....

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Publication date: 10 March 2018

Green Growth Economy in Uganda: Strategies for Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth

The report is a synthesis of a dialogue that focused on raising awareness about Green Growth as Uganda transitions toward greening its economy and offer strategies for sustainable development and inclusive growth....

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Publication date: 04 Dec 2017

Civic Engagement: Activating the Potentials of Local Governance in Uganda

This assessment points to the power of civic engagement to activate and ultimately realize the promise of decentralisation...

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Publication date: 19 Mar. 2017

Efficiency, Sustainability, and Exit Strategy in the Oil and Gas Sector: Lessons from Ecuador for Uganda

This paper draws lessons from the more experienced oil-and-gas-producing Ecuador, for Uganda's nascent oil and gas sector, to argue a case for sustainable petroleum-exploitation. It relies on extant inquiries on developments in Uganda's oil and gas sector, observation of oil-related developments in Ecuador, and interactions and exchanges with intellectuals from Uganda and Latin America...

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Publication date: 20 Jul. 2017

Assessment of Public Expenditure Governance of the Universal Primary Education Programme in Uganda

This study seeks to assess public expenditure governance of the Universal Primary Education (UPE) programme in Uganda. UPE is a government programme that aims at providing basic education to school-going children aged six years and above...

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Publication date: 29 Apr. 2017

What Matters When it Comes to Adopting Local Content? A Comparative Analysis of Success Factors in Africa and Latin America

In this paper we attempt to identify some common factors by comparing the experiences of countries that have achieved successful local content outcomes...

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Publication date: 25 Aug. 2017

Uganda's Compulsory Land Acquisition Laws: A Critique of the Proposed Amendment of Article 26 of the Constitution

This paper proposes alternative solutions to address the land question conundrum, other than the amendment of article 26 of the Constitution. The issue of land expropriation (Compulsorily land acquisition) has remained controversial through the decades as indicated in this paper. This can be traced back to pre-colonial times when Kings and their subjects clashed over land, through to the colonial agreements that conferred big chunks of land to the colonial Government and, local Kings and chiefs. The post-colonial land issues were between the state and the Kingdoms resulting, not only into the abolition of Kingdoms in the 1960s, but also the nationalization of all lands in the country in 1975. This remained the status quo until 1995 when the Constitution introduced the current land ownership system i.e. Freehold, Leasehold, Mailo and Customary land tenures as ways in which Ugandans currently hold land.

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Publication date: 25 Aug. 2017

Benefit Sharing in the Forestry Sector in Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania: Status, Lessons and Recommendations for Uganda

There is international consensus that sharing of benefits from natural resources like forests is a key tool that can be used to promote both sustainable management of natural resources and improve livelihoods of natural resource adjacent communities...

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Publication date: 23 May 2017

Understanding changing land access issues for the rural poor in Uganda

This report is part of a wider study to improve understanding of changing land access and use in sub-Saharan Africa. The study draws on case study research and literature from Ghana, Mozambique, Senegal and Uganda....

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Publication date: 03 Dec 2017

Forest Governance Training Manual

The training manual presents forest governance as an important prerequisite for promoting sustainable forest management and reducing deforestation and forest degradation in Uganda. This work is motivated by the deteriorating state of forest governance in Uganda and the realised need to improve the management of the forest resource....

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Publication date: 03 Jan 2017

Catching up with the fast pace of land access change in Uganda

The ways in which people obtain land in Uganda are changing fast. Land that used to be secured through inheritance, gifts or proof of long-term occupancy is now more commonly changing hands in the market. Those with wealth and powerful connections are frequently able to override local rules and gain access to land at the expense of poorer individuals....

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Publication date: 16 Jan 2017

Prepare to Appropriate "Associated Gas"ť: Lessons from Ecuador to Uganda

This Policy Brief underlines the problem of gas flaring in the petroleum sector, and draws important lessons from Ecuador for Uganda in the conversion of waste to wealth. The oil industry is associated with greenhouse gas emissions through AG flaring and other carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide emissions, with resulting implications for global warming....

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Publication date: 11 Jan 2017

Oil and Gas Local Content Development Strategy: The Keys to Success

In this policy brief we attempt to identify common factors in successful local Content strategies by comparing the experiences of countries that have achieved reasonable positive local content outcomes. To do so we looked at the experiences of seven Latin American and seven African countries....

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Publication date: 03 Jul 2016

Socio-Economic Effects of Chinese Agricultural Investments on the Environment and Local Livelihoods in Uganda

The nature and significance of China's engagements with African agriculture continues to be hotly debated in the media, academia and policy circles around the world. Although China has been engaged in Uganda's agriculture for more than 40 years, the recent jostle for agricultural land by private Chinese investors is mystifying and justifies the need to conduct a scientific study to provide clear evidence before the issue gets bundled into the messy anecdotal media inquiry. This paper sought to profile Chinese investments....

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Publication date: 22 Dec 2016

Health facility management and access: a qualitative analysis of challenges to seeking healthcare for children under five in Uganda

While several studies have documented the various barriers that caretakers of children under five routinely confront when seeking healthcare in Uganda, few have sought to capture the ways in which caretakers themselves prioritize their own barriers to seeking services. To that end, we asked focus groups of caretakers to list their five greatest challenges to seeking care on behalf of children under five. Using qualitative content analysis, we grouped responses according to four categories: a) geographical access barriers; b) facility supplies, staffing, and infrastructural barriers; c) facility management and administration barriers (e.g. health worker professionalism, absenteeism and customer care); and d) household barriers related to financial circumstances, domestic conflicts with male partners and a stated lack of knowledge about health-related issues...

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Publication date: 23 Jun 2016

Assessing the Management and Administration in Public Health Facilities of Uganda and the Implications for the Healthcare Service Delivery and Utilization

The paper presents an assessment of one of the critical determinants of quality of healthcare provision - the health facility level management and administration. It is premised on the argument that the existing weakness in health facility management and administration immensely jeopardise the quality of healthcare service delivery....

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Publication date: 23 Jun 2016

Barriers to Care-seeking among Caretakers of Children under five in Uganda: Qualitative Evidence from the Demand-side-Component of the CODES project

This study was conducted in order to understand the kinds of barriers to care-seeking experienced by low-income caretakers of children under-five years in 16 districts of Uganda under the Community and District Empowerment for Scale-up project....

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Publication date: 12 Mar 2016

Balancing Development and Community Livelihoods: A Framework for Land Acquisition and Resettlement in Uganda

This paper offers an analysis of the existing relevant international and national policy and legal frameworks that strive to achieve best practices in regulating land acquisition for development and resettlement of affected persons. The findings are based on empirical evidence drawn from on-the-ground case studies from a range of stakeholders....

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Publication date: 19 Mar 2016

Assessing Public Expenditure Governance: A Conceptual and Analytical Framework

This paper presents a view that diagnostic assessment of public expenditure governance enhances utilization of specific inputs for policy making and action programs and assesses the relative costs in utilization of resources along the public expenditure chain by creating linkages to specific public expenditure outcomes....

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Publication date: 16 Apr 2016

Local Content Frameworks in the African Oil and Gas Sector: Lessons from Angola and Chad

This paper seeks to identify the main characteristics and outcomes of local content frameworks (LCFs) in African oil and gas producing countries. This research is based on the hypothesis that the more specific the LCFs, the better the outcomes. The study adopts a comparative case study approach based on experiences in seven African countries (Angola, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda) with aim of understanding the broader context and trends....

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Publication date: 17 May 2016

The Promise and Efficacy of the East African Community

The paper argues that making the benefits of the EAC more widely and deeply appreciated by East African citizens and peoples creates favorable attitudinal change toward the Community. As more people realize that some of the socioeconomic developments witnessed in East Africa since the 2000s resulted from implementation of EAC instruments....

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Publication date: 17 May 2016

Consensus and the Future of the East African Community

This Policy Briefing Paper analyses the importance of consensus in the EAC's decision-making process and makes recommendations for avoiding non-consensual decisions and actions. The main objective is to highlight the potential implications, for the EAC's future, of undertaking non-consensual decisions and actions....

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Publication date: 20 Feb 2016

Expansion of Labour-based Methods in Maintenance of Public Roads: Options for Promotion of Citizen Participation in Uganda

This briefing paper makes a strong case for a wider application of labour-based methods as a technique to promote citizen participation. It provides information on how widespread labour-based methods have the potential to include a representative range of citizens in implementation of road works, which eventually improves citizens' decision making power regarding their transport needs and priorities.....

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Publication date: 20 Feb 2016

A Review of Uganda's Road Fund: Proposals for Transformation

This paper examines the performance of URF and focuses on four issues, namely: i) management of the URF, ii) the sources of funds for URF, iii) utilization of funds under URF, and iv) adequacy of the fund for maintenance of the road network in Uganda.....

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Publication date: 20 Feb 2016

Health Spending in Uganda: Implications on the National Minimum Health Care Package

This policy brief is part of Public Expenditure Governance study of the health sector in Uganda. The overall objective of the research was to examine the links between public spending, governance, and outcomes in the health sector.....

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Publication date: 20 Oct 2016

Imagine a Country Without Forests! Confronting the Emerging Crisis in Uganda's Forestry Sector

This report summarises the issues and recommendations that emerged from the 66th State of the Nation platform that focused on the emerging crisis in Uganda's forestry sub-sector.....

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Publication date: 17 Sep 2016

The Cost of Armed Violence in South Sudan: Implications for Regional Security

This report summarises the issues and recommendations that were discussed at the 65th Sate of the Nation platform which focused on the cost of armed violence in South Sudan and its implications for regional peace and security.....

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Publication date: 17 Sep 2016

The China-Africa Relations: Mutual Benefits for Africa and China

The growing influence of China in Africa is one of the defining contemporary policy issues of our time. China has increasingly become one of Africa's largest trading partners with a trade volume of approximately US$300 billion a year.....

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Publication date: 17 Jan 2016

Election Management and Electoral Violence Mitigation ahead of 2016 Elections

Over the years, remarkable progress in election management has been registered across Africa. East African countries, in particular, have embraced democracy. However high levels of electoral-related violence remain a major challenge during elections and threaten democracy, socio-economic development, and political stability.....

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Publication date: 17 Jan 2016

Depreciation of the Ugandan Shilling: Implications for the National Economy

In the 2014/15 fiscal year, the Ugandan shilling depreciated against the US dollar by over 20%. Uganda, like many other economies, was struggling with the falling value of its' currency against the dollar which was attributed to the fall in export commodity prices, heavily impacted by export markets.....

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Publication date: 17 Jan 2016

Electoral Violence, Peace, and Security in the Great Lakes Region: The Case of Burundi

Elections and the pursuit of democratic governance are of major importance for the regional and international community, particularly for countries impacted by protracted violent conflicts. Violent conflicts in the Great Lakes Region have a spillover effect as conflicts cross borders to destabilize neighboring countries......

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Publication date: 05 Mar 2015

The Legislature and Budget Oversight: A Comparative Study of Selected Countries in the East African Community

This paper takes a comparative perspective in which the legislative arms of government and their oversight role on the budget process in the selected countries forming the East African Community is unraveled. It was conceived that the budgetary oversight function is part of a checks-and-balances system that ensures presence of accountability in the utilisation of scarce resources. It was expected that at the end of the study, lessons for good governance and particularly a more effective legislature in terms of budget oversight would be brought out....

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Publication date: 04 Dec 2015

Local Government Councils Scorecard Assessment 2014/2015: Unlocking Potentials and Amplifying Voices

This year's assessment points to the power of citizen voice in demanding - and even creating - change. The new components of the initiative focused on building citizen capacity to engage their councillors using the tools of civic engagement are already yielding positive changes in service delivery. The concerns that citizens raise with passion are getting addressed through sending SMS messages, writing letters and delivering petitions to the relevant authorities in local government.....

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Publication date: 15 Mar 2015

Assessing Public Expenditure Governance in Uganda's Health Sector: The case of Gulu, Kamuli, and Luweero Districts

The report provides the first attempt to model indicators for assessing PEG in Uganda's health sector, which can also be replicated in other sectors of the economy and other countries. This report specifically presents the assessment of Public Expenditure Governance (PEG) within the health sector and how this affects the performance of the sector. Unlike tools for assessing public financial management which tend to focus specifically on management of funds, the PEG assessment focuses on inputs, processes and outcomes.....

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Publication date: 09 Mar 2015

Assessing Public Expenditure Governance in Uganda's Agricultural Sector: Application of an Innovative Framework

This report provides a number of insights that relevant actors could exploit to enhance the performance of the agricultural sector. We argue that successful transformation of the agricultural sector requires a strong commitment to not only increasing the budget allocation to the sector, but also ensuring that the budgets and out-turns are timely for the agricultural seasons.....

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Publication date: 09 Mar 2015

Public Expenditure Governance in Uganda's Education Sector: Application of an Innovative Assessment Framework

This paper presents a framework for assessing public expenditure governance in the education sector. Unlike tools for assessing public financial management, which tend to focus quite specifically on fund management, this assessment focuses on inputs, processes and outcomes associated with the governance of public expenditure.....

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Publication date: 24 Aug 2015

Greening Uganda's 2016 General Elections: Key Issues for Political Parties and Political Leaders to Address in their Manifestoes

This paper highlights some of the most pressing issues in Uganda's ENR sector that political parties and other actors vying for power in 2016 should consider addressing in their manifestoes. Although it makes some specific recommendations, the paper does not prescribe any particular approach that political parties and other actors should take in addressing the issues. That is a question for the political parties to decide internally.....

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Publication date: 27 Jan 2015

The Role of Local Leaders and Actors in Promoting Good Forest Governance in Uganda

This info-sheet highlights the minimal roles that local leaders and actors can play to promote and enhance good forestry governance. Good forestry governance is underpinned by a number of principles. The key ones are transparency, accountability, stakeholder participation in decision-making processes, respect for the rule of law, equity, effectiveness and efficiency.....

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Publication date: 20 Jan 2015

Transformation of Agriculture for Wealth Creation: Involvement of UPDF in NAADS Programme and its Effectiveness

This infosheet summarises issues discussed at the 56th State of the Nation Platform that focussed on the future of agriculture in Uganda and, particularly the role of the military in implementation of NAADS programme.....

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Publication date: 07 Jan 2015

Child Mortality in Uganda: What can we do to end it?

Although the country has made significant strides in reducing child mortality over the past several years, its current child mortality rate of 90 deaths per 1000 live births is still too high for it to meet its Millennium Development Goal (MGD) target of 56/1000 by 2015..

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Publication date: 13 Apr 2014

Assessing Public Expenditure Governance in Uganda's Road Sector: Application of an Innovative Framework and Findings from the Sector

The paper used an Indicator Approach to measure public expenditure governance. It focuses on ten indicators selected for their connection and relevance in promoting the mutually reinforcing principles of governance including participation, coordination, strategic vision, transparency, accountability, control of corruption, responsiveness, effectiveness and efficiency, and equity.....

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Publication date: 23 Apr 2014

Making Public Procurement Work for Sustainable Forest Use: Excluding Illegal Timber from Uganda's Market

This research paper advances a two stage approach Uganda should adopt if it is to manage its forests for the benefit of its present and future generations. First, public procurement laws and systems must outrightly prohibit illegal timber.....

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Publication date: 23 Oct 2014

Local Government Councils Score-Card Assessment Report 2013/14: A combination of Gains, Reversals and Reforms

This is the fifth Local Government Councils Score-card Report. The report presents the findings of the annual assessment of the performance of elected district leaders in 30 districts during FY 2013/14.....

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Publication date: 20 Jul 2014

Ensuring the Sustainable Availability of Affordable Quality Seeds and Planting Materials in Uganda: A Review of Uganda's Draft National Seed Policy

This paper analyses the potential of Uganda's draft national seed policy (May 2014), and the adequacy of the major seed legislation and institutional framework in ensuring the sustainable availability and accessibility of affordable quality seed and planting materials. The study is largely based on desk review of the draft national seed policy and other relevant legal and policy instruments, supplemented by a few informal interviews with stakeholders in Uganda's seed industry.....

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Publication date: 10 Jul 2014

A Comparative Analysis of Laws and Institutional Regimes on Public Expenditure Accountability in East Africa

This study examines the extent to which the existing legal and institutional framework in the four East African countries of Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania incorporates the notion of accountability in public expenditure.....

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Publication date: 24 Aug 2015

Sustainable Conservation of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Community Welfare Improvement: Creating a Win-Win Situation by increasing the community share of the Gorilla Permit Levy and strengthening the governance of revenue sharing

This policy brief argues that the current conservation outcomes could be enhanced by an incentive system that offers more and better targeted community support to sustain their livelihoods and improving governance of the Revenue Sharing Scheme.....

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Publication date: 22 Aug 2014

Operationalization of Uganda's National Tree Fund: A Process Audit and Call for Action

This paper is intended to reignite debate about the National Tree Fund with the major objective of having it operationalized.....

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Publication date: 02 Aug 2014

Local Content in Oil and Gas Sector: An Assessment of Uganda's Legal and Policy Regimes

This study is limited to legal, policy and institutional reviews of local content in the oil and gas industry in Uganda. It basically reviews the existing laws and policies as well as institutions to support local content and local content development in Uganda..

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Publication date: 12 Nov 2014

Strengthening the Role of Local Leaders and Actors in Advocating for Better Forestry Governance and Improved Livelihoods

This report is a Synthesis of the Proceedings of the Regional Forestry Governance Forum that sought to strengthen the capacity of local leaders and actors to demand and promote good governance in the management of forest resources..

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Publication date: 12 Nov 2014

Bridging the Gap: Developing Military Capability to Meet East and the Horn of Africa Security Challenges

This report is a Synthesis of the proceedings of a Roundtable on Peace and Security in East and the Horn of Africa that to identify core security interests, threats at the national, regional and global levels and the necessary military operational capabilities required to meet these challenges.....

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Publication date: 17 Sep 2014

Localization of Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals

This report provides a synthesis of the 52nd state of the nation dialogue ACODE organised with United Nations in Uganda that focussed on Localization of post-2015 development goals.....

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Publication date: 17 Sep 2014

Uganda Pension Liberalization: Implications for Workers

Liberalization of the pension sector is critical for the growth and competitiveness of the economy; however, a comprehensive legal and regulatory system that covers both public and private sectors is necessary. The general aim of liberalization of the pension sector is to protect workers' savings and ensure that their savings are well invested to give a good return while minimizing potential risk, and allowing those who save to receive their benefits in the form of pension, lump sum payments or other forms of benefits..

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Publication date: 17 Sep 2014

East African Community Regional Integration: Opportunities and Challenges for Citizen Participation

The general consensus among stakeholders is that the disconnection between the EAC Secretariat and the ordinary citizens still exists. The concept of a people centred integration has remained elusive as regional processes remain dominated by political leaders and citizens take a passive role.....

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Publication date: 15 Jul 2014

Youth Unemployment and Job Creation in Uganda: Opportunities and Challenges

Consensus emerged out of the 49th State of the Nation Platform that there is need for attitude change among youth to inspire entrepreneurial energy and appreciate a culture of personal savings and longer term financial growth. While engaging youth was acknowledged to be energy-intensive and difficult, Government needs to focus on addressing real unemployment lest socioeconomic ills in society like gambling (sports betting) and drug abuse increase.....

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Publication date: 15 Jul 2014

The Violent Conflict in South Sudan and its Implications for Regional Peace and Security: Options for a Peaceful Settlement

The ensuing violence in South Sudan between warring political actors created regional and international fears. For security and socio-economic reasons, the Uganda Peoples Defense Force (UPDF), upon invitation by President Salva Kiir, deployed in South Sudan. A parallel process of peace talks simultaneously commenced in Addis Ababa. Amidst this geo-political environment, hundreds in South Sudan have been killed and thousands have been displaced. Border security and trade interests have been threatened. The ensuing violence escalated into ethnic violence and a humanitarian crisis..

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Publication date: 05 Jun 2014

Review of The National Biotechnology and Biosafety Bill 2012

This policy memo aims to contribute to the ongoing public debate on the National Biotechnology and Biosafety Bill which is before Parliament of Uganda. The Bill is intended to provide a regulatory framework for the safe development and application of biotechnology in the country. The advancement of modern biotechnology has been popularized as a powerful tool in alleviating poverty and enhancing food security. However it presents a wide range of socio-economic concerns and biosafety risks that require an effective legal regime.....

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Publication date: 04 Apr 2014

Mapping current incentives and investment in Uganda's energy sector: Lessons for private climate finance

This paper describes the findings from the very first application of a new methodology to support governments and development partners that wish to mobilise private finance for climate-compatible development (CCD). Piloting this methodology in Uganda's energy sector allowed us to make two distinct sets of findings that are useful for actors seeking to mobilise private climate finance..

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Publication date: 14 Sep 2013

Uganda National Climate Change Finance Analysis

The study focuses on climate change relevant expenditures that appear in the national budget over the period 2008/9 - 2011/12. A first step in identifying these relevant expenditures is to determine which Ministries are actively engaged on this issue. The study team identified 11 Ministries (and a further nine subsidiary agencies) based on their policy engagement. The expenditure for these ministries is approximately 76% of total public expenditure over the four years covered by the study..

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Publication date: 09 Aug 2013

Agri-Food System Governance and Service Delivery in Uganda: A Case Study of Tororo District

This is a case study of agri-food system governance and service delivery in Uganda. The paper is part of a broader regional collaborative project aimed at making agri-food systems work for the rural poor in Eastern and Southern Africa. The study was conducted in Kisoko, Mella and Osukuru sub-counties of Tororo district. Using Tororo district as a case study, this paper examines some governance aspects of Uganda's local agri-food systems..

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Publication date: 29 Nov 2013

Uganda Local Government Councils Scorecard 2012/13: The Big Service Delivery Divide

The Uganda Local Government Councils Scorecard 2012/13 presents the findings of the annual assessment of the performance of elected district political leaders. This report provides a synthesis of the findings from the assessment for the 26 districts for the FY 2012/2013. Besides providing the assessment results for FY2012/13, the report also compares the trends in performance for the selected districts since the scorecard process was launched in 2009.....

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Publication date: 19 Jul 2013

Governance Aspects in the Water and Roads Sectors: Lessons from Five Districts in Uganda

This study largely draws from the World Bank's framework for accountability premised on the principal agent framework. The study covered five districts of Uganda including Ntungamo, Soroti, Nebbi, Mbale and Wakiso. Multivariate probit analysis was used to investigate two basic relationships: (i) between governance aspects and the quality of services based on both objective evaluations as well as perceptions of users; and (ii) between demand for accountability (for which reporting issues related to service delivery by users is used as a proxy), and personal factors.....

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Publication date: 14 Dec 2013

Breaking the Conflict Trap in Uganda: Proposals for Constitutional and Legal Reforms

In this paper, we have stated the case for constitutional reforms in Uganda which is mainly intended to deepen the democratization process and consolidation of democracy. The paper has analysed the constitutional history of Uganda to demonstrate the need for democratization and steer the country away from a history of violence and political anarchy. The paper identified and analysed constitutional issues for reform and justified these reforms in the context of regional integration.....

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Publication date: 10 Dec 2013

Investing in our Nation's Children: Reforming Uganda's Education System for Equity, Quality, Excellence and National Development

The main objective of this policy brief is to bring to the attention of Ugandan policy makers, the executive and parliament, the requisite changes needed to transform our country's education system into a more equitable and high quality education system.....

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Publication date: 11 Mar 2013

Financing Service Delivery under Decentralization in Uganda: A Synthesis of the Regional Budget Advocacy Meetings 2012

This report synthesizes issues raised and the proposals on the way forward from the regional budget platforms brought together technocrats, politicians, Civil Society Organizations to propose how; 1) national budget resources ought to be shared between the central government and districts for better service delivery, and 2) to increase internally generated funds for districts and utilization of the funds for improving service delivery.....

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Publication date: 15 Feb 2013

Uganda at 50: The Past, the Present and the Future: A Synthesis Report of the Proceedings of the "Uganda @ 50 in Four Hours" Dialogue

This report is a record of the discussions that took place under the theme: "The Ugandan Promise" based on the foundation of the Constitution of Uganda, that all Ugandans have sovereign and indelible rights to pursue a life of prosperity, social justice and peaceful coexistence in a democratic state. The discussions were organized in three segments featuring panel discussions comprising eminent Ugandans representing the past and post-independence generations, and the young people that represented the future.....

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Publication date: 15 Feb 2013

Effectiveness of the National Budget: Taking Stock of Fiscal Expenditure Outcomes in Uganda

This report is a Synthesis of the Proceedings of the Second High Level Policy Dialogue on the Budget 2012. The discussions at the high level policy dialogue on the budget emphasised the importance of incoherent planning and execution of plans, and inadequate funding coupled with wide spread corruption as limitations to the outcomes of fiscal expenditure.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2013

Public Expenditure and Performance Profile of Uganda's Education Sector

This profile presents the expenditure distribution patterns and functions to which the funds have been put between financial years 2007/08 and 2010/11. It further presents the sector's performance measured along specified progress indicators.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2013

Where Can Citizens Report Service Delivery Issues?

This infosheet aims at bridging this gap by providing information on the different institutions for managing and monitoring service delivery at sub-national (district and below) level up to grassroots levels level. It focuses on the primary social services provided by government including education, health, water, roads and agricultural extension services.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2013

Improving Quality of Services at the Water Source: The Roles of Different Actors

Access to clean and safe water is critical for a healthy population. In relation to this, government of Uganda's policy objective is 'to provide sustainable safe water within easy reach and hygienic sanitation facilities, to 77 percent of the population in rural areas and 100 percent of the urban population by the year 2015, with a minimum of 80 percent effective use and functionality of facilities'.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2013

Accounting for Public Funds: Performance of the Central Government on the Public Audit

This infosheet looks at the funds that have been queried by the Auditor General over the last five years. The aim of this info sheet is to provide information to the citizens to be able to demand for better utilisation of public funds.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2013

Problems of Standardization, Specification and Monitoring of Road Works Implemented by Districts in Uganda

A review of records at the district revealed that details for over 60 percent of works undertaken by the districts under force account arrangements were not specified beyond the type of works- routine maintenance.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2013

Public Expenditure Profile for the Agricultural Sector

This profile presents the trend of public expenditure in the agricultural sector and its performance between 2007/08 and 2011/12. The agricultural sector is primarily funded through the national budget, with additional resources coming from donors in form of project support.....

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Publication date: 10 Sep 2012

Agri-Food System Governance and Service Delivery in Uganda: A Case Study of Mukono District

Using Mukono district as a case study, this paper tries to examine some governance aspects of Uganda's local agri-food systems. It analyses Mukono district's major agricultural and food institutional mechanisms, resource allocation to the agri-food sector and the sector's budget decision-making processes. The study also highlights some issues concerning delivery of agri-food services in the district.....

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Publication date: 22 Nov 2012

Governance of Science, Technology and Innovation in the East African Community: Inaugural Biennial Report 2012

This report on the Governance of Science, Technology and Innovation in the East African Community, is the fi rst comprehensive piece of work that explicitly focuses on STI in the region and sets an agenda for periodic assessment of the progress with regard to the implementation of EAC STI agenda. The report and its subsequent editions which will be published every after two years are designed to achieve two interrelated purposes.....

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Publication date: 20 Aug 2012

The Way Forward: Short- and Long-Term Policy Responses to Uganda's Current Economic Crisis

This brief argues that, contrary to the mixed response of the government policy apparatus, given the current state of affairs, it is not only tenable but necessary for the government to develop a coherent set of short- and long-term policy interventions to stabilize the economy and support its growth, while lessening the hardships of the most vulnerable and preparing for future economic shocks.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Ntungamo District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Ntungamo District Local Government Council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in the district. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils' Scorecard seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments, more particularly the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments carried out by MoLG.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Soroti District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

The report examines how the actions of Soroti District Local Government Council impact on the quality of service delivery in the district. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils Score Card seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments and in particular the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Nebbi District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Nebbi District Local Government Council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils' Score-card seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments, and in particular the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Moroto District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This is a performance assessment report for Moroto DLG for the Financial Year 2009/2010. Moroto DLG is one of the 20 LGs that were assessed using the LG Councils Scorecard, a tool developed by the Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE) to deepen decentralization towards the delivery of effective governance and quality goods and services to the citizens.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Buliisa District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This is the Buliisa District Local Government performance assessment report for the Financial Year 2009/2010. Buliisa District Local Government is one of the 20 local governments that were assessed using the Local Government Councils' Score-card.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Luwero District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Luwero District Local Government Council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils' Score-card seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments and in particular the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments.....

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Publication date: 08 Oct 2011

In Quest for an Efficient Agri-Food System: Reflections on Uganda's Major Agri-Food System Policies and Policy Frameworks

The paper identifies a number of areas that require further research to better understand the reasons why Uganda's agri-food system policies and policy frameworks are not performing well in terms of ensuring increased agricultural production, food security and the sustainable use and management of ENR.....

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Publication date: 08 Oct 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Mpigi District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Mpigi District Local Government Council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils' Score-card seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments and in particular the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments.....

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Publication date: 06 Oct 2011

Killing the Goose that Lays the Golden Egg: An Analysis of Budget Allocations and Revenue from the Environment and Natural Resource Sector in Karamoja Region

This study provides an analysis of the budgetary allocations to the Environment and Natural Resource (ENR) sector and the revenue arising from the sector in the Karamoja region. Given the fact that over 60% of the land in the region is under protected area management and that the region also has vast mineral resources, Karamoja cannot develop without the effective harnessing of the ENR potential in the region. The ecological and legal integrity of ENR sector and its integration into the development planning process is therefore critical to the current and future efforts towards the development and transformation of Karamoja.....

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Publication date: 08 Oct 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Nakapiripirit District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Nakapiripirit District Local Government Council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils' Score-card seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments and in particular the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments.....

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Publication date: 08 Oct 2011

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda: Mukono District Council Score-Card Report 2009/10

This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Mukono District Local Government Council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on the political side of the local government system, the Local Government Councils' Score-card seeks to complement existing local government performance assessments and in particular the Annual Assessment of Minimum Conditions and Performance Measures for Local Governments.....

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Publication date: 08 Oct 2011

Technology and Innovation in Africa's Regional Integration: From Rhetoric to Practice

The study shows that national systems of innovation of most African countries are relatively weak. While commendable efforts are being made, more needs to be done to enable these countries in particular, and the Africa continent in general to seize the grand opportunities that exist at the moment. Although there are a number of regional and international institutions with programmes focussing on helping African countries advance in the area of STI, such as the African Union (AU), the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the World Bank and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), these institutions are not well coordinated as to add value to the building of national and regional systems of innovation.....

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Publication date: 18 Sep 2011

Investing in Orphan Crops to Improve Food and Livelihood Security of Uganda's Rural Poor: Policy Gaps, Opportunities and Recommendations

This policy research paper is an analysis of the extent to which Uganda's food and agricultural-related policies and policy frameworks support the production and wider use of orphan crops in national development. Its major objective is to provide policy recommendations that can be adopted to support the production, conservation and wider use of orphan crops for enhanced food and livelihood security, particularly of Uganda's rural poor.....

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Publication date: 08 Oct 2011

Uganda Local Government Councils Score-card Report 2009/2010: Political Accountability, Representation and the State of Service Delivery

This report concludes that public service delivery in the local governments covered by this study is in a state of flux. While marginal improvements have been made on a few issues such as enrollment in schools and high levels of immunization achieved, there are still major problems relating to the delivery of public services in the country. It is argued that future improvements in the delivery of public services at the local level will only be possible if local government councilors develop the requisite civil capacity and confidence to engage with the central government to achieve fundamental reforms in the way the national budget is organized.....

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Publication date: 04 Oct 2011

Promoting Agriculture Sector Growth and Development: A Comparative Analysis of Uganda's Political Party Manifestos (2011 - 2016)

This paper is an analytical comparison of the promises made by Uganda's different political parties in their manifestos (2011 - 2016) with regard to the measures proposed to address the challenges facing the agriculture sector. The comparison is along eight major areas generally considered key for agricultural growth and development in Uganda. These areas are: agriculture sector financing; agricultural inputs; agricultural credit for farmers; agro-processing and marketing; agricultural education; agricultural extension and advisory services; agricultural research and technology development; and water for agricultural production.....

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Publication date: 23 Jun 2011

Publish What You Pay: What a New U.S. Law Means for Oil and Gas Governance in Uganda

This policy brief provides a description of the Dodd-Frank Act and its genesis (Section 2), followed by a discussion of the key debates and questions currently under review by the SEC and their relevance to Uganda's oil and gas sector (Section 3). The paper concludes with a series of recommendations for organizations in Uganda that are seeking to enhance transparency within the oil and gas sector.....

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Publication date: 13 May 2011

Marginalisation of Environment and Natural Resources Sub-sector: Undermining the Economic Base and Entrenching Poverty in Uganda

The current economic crisis and escalating food prices in Uganda are partly attributed to the mismanagement of natural resources leading to a reduction in agricultural productivity, food shortages and declining exports. The key natural resources that have an impact on the economy include forests, land, water and wetlands. The situation has been compounded by climate change that has further impacted on economic growth by increasing the unpredictability of the weather.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2011

Understanding the Tax Dispute: Heritage, Tullow, and the Government of Uganda

The tax issue and the complications concerning the farm-down will, in all likelihood, only further delay any future licensing rounds for oil exploration in the country. In terms of political risk, Uganda-despite its attractiveness as a resource-endowed country-may remain dicey for investors because of the transactions surrounding these tax disputes. Arguably, both Tullow and the Government of Uganda made legally questionable deals in order to continue their partnership.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2011

Publish What You Pay: What a New U.S. Law Means for Oil and Gas Governance in Uganda

In July 2010, the United States government passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (hereafter referred to as the Dodd-Frank Act), a piece of legislation with enormous implications for Uganda's burgeoning oil and gas sector. The law contains a provision—Section 1504—that requires all extractives companies that trade on U.S. stock exchanges and file annual reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to publicly disclose payments they make to foreign governments for the commercial development of oil.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2011

Status of Uganda's Oil and Gas Legislation

Currently, the Government of Uganda is drafting several new bills related to the country's oil and gas sector-legislation that will eventually lay the foundation for the next chapter of Uganda's national petroleum program. The draft bills will further define and regulate the relationship between the government and the various oil companies currently operating in Uganda, while affecting the relationships between specific interest groups, from landowners and cultural representatives in the oil producing areas to members of the private sector.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2011

Corporate Bribery Laws in the U.S. And U.K.: What they mean for Uganda's Oil Sector

The United States government passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, a law with enormous implications for Uganda's nascent oil sector. Among other things, the law includes a "publish what you pay" component that requires all extractives companies that trade on U.S. stock exchanges and submit annual reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to disclose the payments they make to any government throughout the world for the commercial development of oil, natural gas, or minerals.....

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Publication date: 05 May 2011

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: A Necessity for Uganda

The National Oil and Gas Policy for Uganda, which the government finalized in 2008, explicitly directs the government to join the Initiative, and mentions it as a way to help "ensure collection of the right revenues and use them to create lasting value for the entire nation," and as a way of "ensuring development and harmonization of accounting standards in oil and gas activities." In October of 2011, Uganda's Parliament passed a resolution re-affirming the need to join EITI.....

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Publication date: 15 Apr 2011

The Tragedy of Uganda's Healthcare System: The Case of Kawaala Health Center III, Kampala District

On a bright sunny morning, together with my fellow researchers; we pull our way through the long queue of patients as we set to carry out a Public Expenditure Tracking Study (PETS) at Kawaala Health Centre III in Rubaga division, Kampala district.....

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Publication date: 24 Oct 2010

Increasing Agricultural Sector Financing: Why it Matters for Uganda's Socio-Economic Transformation

This paper identifies and discusses a number of challenges for the financing of the agricultural sector in Uganda. The paper notes that although the role of agriculture in poverty reduction and overall growth in Uganda is well recognized, investment in the sector remains minimal. For effective poverty reduction, agricultural growth in Uganda needs to be accelerated. This requires investments in critical areas to enhance productivity and transformation of the sector.....

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Publication date: 15 Nov 2009

Crafting an Oil Revenue-Sharing Mechanism for Uganda: A Comparative Analysis

This research was carried out in response to the indications that the necessary legal and institutional frameworks for management of oil revenues in Uganda are behind schedule. According to information from Ministry of Energy and Minerals Development in 2009, oil production was expected to begin in 2010 and on this basis, the research was hinged on the realization that preparations for oil revenue sharing are either clandestinely going on or not being undertaken altogether.....

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Publication date: 10 Nov 2009

Land Tenure, Biodiversity and Post Conflict Transformation in Acholi Sub-Region: Resolving the Property Rights Dilemma

This paper presents the results of a study on property rights in land and biodiversity resources in the Acholi Sub-region. The objective of the study was to map out the changes that have taken place in the sub-region since the dawn of colonialism and how these changes have impacted on the contemporary property rights structure in land and biodiversity resources in the sub-region. As the prospects for peace in Northern Uganda have continued to become more eminent than ever before, attention is being focused on designing and implementing interventions to achieve sustainable peace and provide economic opportunities for the people of the Sub-region....

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Publication date: 10 Oct 2009

Uganda's Taxpayer Burden: The Financial and Governance Costs of a Bloated Legislature

The study analyzes the evolution of the composition of Uganda's legislature and the factors that have shaped its development, roles and numerical strengths. From the Legislative Council to the post-independence legislatures, the pattern that the Executive manipulates and uses the Legislature to undermine Uganda's democratic path is clear and consistent....

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Publication date: 05 Oct 2009

Trends in Public Administration Expenditure in Uganda: The Cost of the Executive and its Implications on Poverty Eradication and Governance

This study provides detailed analysis of the factors that account for the unprecedented expansion of the executive bureaucracy in Uganda. It is this expanded political bureaucracy that partly accounts for the groincreae in public administration expenditure. To begin with, this political bureaucracy has led to significant diversion of public funds and resources from critical social and economic sectors....

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Publication date: 10 Jul 2007

Wealth Distribution, Poverty and Timber Governance in Uganda: A Case Study of Budongo Forest Reserve

This case study applied the Nature, Wealth and Power (NWP) analytical framework and the Commodity Chain Analysis (CCA) methodology to analyze the current interactions among the stakeholders engaged in timber production and trade. The key influences that determine losers and winners from wealth generated in the timber business are examined....

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Publication date: 10 Jul 2007

The Tragedy of Natural Resources Dependent Pastoral Communities: A Case of Teso-Karamoja Border Land Conflict

This policy research paper presents the findings of the study on the border conflict between the Itesots and the Karimojong living in Katakwi and Moroto Districts located in North- Eastern Uganda. Karamoja and Teso regions have historically been experiencing violent conflicts revolving around cattle rustling and competition for access to water and pasture resources....

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Publication date: 25 Oct 2006

Redefining Uganda's Budget Priorities: A Critique of the 2006/07 Budget

The purpose of this briefing paper is to elucidate and challenge the current policies and strategies pursued by the Government of the National Resistance Movement - the ruling political party. It is argued that the National Resistance Movement Government both prior and after the introduction of the multi-party political system of Government has pursued economic policies that are devoid of strategic long-term development perspectives....

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Publication date: 20 Apr 2006

Mainstreaming Environment and Natural Resource Issues in selected Government Sectors: Status, Considerations and Recommendations

This study aims at establishing the extent to which ENR issues are integrated and/or mainstreamed in selected government sectors. The study is limited to mainstreaming ENR in selected six government sectors out of the total sixteen. These selected sectors include: agriculture; health; water and sanitation; roads and works; justice, law and order sector; and local government....

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Publication date: 26 Apr 2006

Escaping the Oil Curse and Making Poverty History: A Review of the Oil and Gas Policy and Legal Framework for Uganda

This study makes a case that well managed oil resources like other natural resources will lead to socio-economic transformation and sustainable development of Uganda. The work on oil governance has just started and this research paper opens up the need for further inquiry and debate for deeper understanding of the oil governance....

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Publication date: 19 Mar 2006

Monitoring Legislative Representation: Environmental Issues in the 7th Parliament of Uganda

The study developed monitoring indicators for tracking effective representation of constituency and national environmental issues in Parliament namely; contribution during debates on the floor of parliament; regular attendance of Parliamentary sessions; track record of ENR sensitivity; Private Members bill and voting patterns of MPs on controversial bills and motions, relating to the environment....

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Publication date: 13 Mar 2006

Political Parties, Political Change and Environmental Governance in Uganda: A Review of Political Parties Manifestos

This paper therefore provides a detailed review and analysis of the scope of coverage and sensitivity of environmental and natural resources issues as articulated in political party manifestos of political parties which participated in the February 2006 elections....

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Publication date: 08 May 2005

Copyright Law Reform in Uganda: Addressing International Standards at the Expense of Domestic Objectives

The paper underscores the policy framework and objectives to which a comprehensive copyright legislation should be based in order to serve a more meaningful purpose in the national development processes. Issues of traditional/indigenous creations, long neglected are highlighted for specific attention given the growing awareness and consciousness on the need to protect such works

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Publication date: 18 April 2005

HARNESSING THE POWER OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN BUILDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGICAL CAPACITY: Key Issues for Policy Makers in East Africa

This briefing paper argues that even where IPRs are used to stimulate innovation and attract FDIs,it does not happen by accident but by a consciously planned effort based on clear policy goals, actions and priorities. In particular it is argued that patent protection in modern biotechnology can only meaningfully benefit African countries if IPR policy and legislation is tailored to supporting building national scientific and technological capacity. We analyze the critical issues that are necessary for making IPRs more relevant to African development

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Publication date: 10 April 2005

Promoting Common Property Rights in Fisheries Management to Enhance Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Eradication in Uganda: A Review of the National Fisheries Policy and the Proposed Legal Framework

This briefing paper observes that securing fishing community rights of access to the fisheries resource and ensuring equitable sharing of benefits arising from its exploitation is paramount for enhancing rural livelihood and poverty eradication. The author argue that the best way to achieve the above is through recognition of common property rights in fisheries use and management. I accordingly examine the concept of common property rights in fisheries use and management and its relevance to poverty eradication and enhancement of community livelihoods

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Publication date: 09 Aug 2004

Constitutional Reform and Eenvironmental Legislative Representation in Uganda: A Case Study of Butamira Forest Reserve in Uganda

In many natural resources dependent economies such as those in sub-saharan Africa, the livelihoods of many rural communities depend on the natural resource assets. Natural resources provide the back-borne for national economic growth and are the basis for the livelihoods of poor people especially in rural constituencies. They are the basis for household food security, the major source of energy, construction materials, income generating business enterprises and provide the major coping mechanism in times of environmental stress and scarcity....

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Publication date: 10 June 2004

THE POLITICS OF INVESTMENT AND LAND ACQUISITION IN UGANDA: A Case Study of Pian Upe Game Reserve

Over the last decade, the Government of Uganda has adopted a consistent pattern of considering protected areas as lands available for private appropriation especially when dealing with foreign private investments. The practice could negatively impact on the livelihoods of natural resource dependent communities and undermine Uganda’s commitments to major regional and international environmental legal instruments. This policy briefing paper provides an independent legal analysis of issues surrounding the proposed degazettement of Pian Upe Game Reserve

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Publication date: 10 June 2004

APPROACHES TO BIOSAFETY LEGISLATION IN AFRICA: Options to Facilitate National Decision-Making

The advent of modern biotechnology has posed enormous challanges to policy makers all over the world. The challenges largely flow from the need to avert and/or mitigate the potential adverse effects to biodiversity and human health. This policy brief analyzes the four major approaches to biosafety legislation: Principal legislation, Subsidiary legislation, Piecemeal approach and Non legally binding Instruments.While we recognize the fact that there can not be a single best approach for all countries due to the diverse socio-cultural, economic and political settings, we analyze the implications of each approach

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Publication date: 05 June 2004

UGANDA'S POSITION ON GMOs: WHOSE POSITION? Reflections on Uganda's Policy Making Process on GMOs

Uganda is signatory and party to both the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992 and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB), 2000. These internationally legal binding instruments among other things provide for access to and transfer of biotechnology that is relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety in particular which now represents a global consensus on the potential adverse effects of living modified organisms (LMOs) to human health and the environment obliges member states in their adoption and application of biotechnology to apply the precautionary principle when making decisions with regard to the transboudary movement of LMOs.

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Publication date: 05 May 2004

COP-MOP 1 DECISION ON LIABILITY AND REDRESS: Analysis of Implications and Challenges for Eastern and Southern Africa

This Briefing paper is an analysis of the COP-MOP 1 Decision: UNEP/CBD/BS/COP-MOP 1/L.8 on Liability and Redress, its implications and Challenges for countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. We observe in this paper that the most important thing in the struggle for an International Liability regime for LMOs is not having the regime per-se but its nature, scope and compliance mechanism.

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Publication date: 10 May 2004

STATUS OF EPA NEGOTIATIONS: Eastern and Southern Africa Approach and the Challenges to Effective Negotiations

This briefing paper provides an overview of the ongoing negotiations for the planned Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) between the EU and the ACP countries. It explores the status of negotiations and in particular looks at the Eastern and Southern Africa approach to EPA negotiations. It gives an outlook of the emerging negotiating structures, negotiating mandate, objectives, guidelines and principles. The paper examines the unresolved issues under phase one of the negotiations which are of interest to ACP countries.

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Publication date: 10 Dec 2003

TYPE II PARTNERSHIPS AS A STRATEGY FOR IMPLEMENTING WSSD OUTCOMES: Considerations to Guide Government Decision Making

This policy briefing paper has been prepared to address two specific objectives. First, it is to provide general guidance on the key issues to be considered by any Government when confronted with making a decision on whether it should join or not join a partnership. Secondly, the briefing paper is intended to inform decision makers about the Partnership for Principle 10 and the likely benefits and costs of joining PP10.

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Publication date: 10 Dec 2003

WTO Negotiations on Geographical Indications: A Case of Non-Discrimination of Products of Interest to Developing Countries

The concept of Geographical indications was introduced as a new form of Intellectual Property Rights and incorporated in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, which forms part of the final Act of the Uruguay Round of Trade negotiations. This briefing paper tries to put the issue of protection of specific Ugandan agricultural products through GI on the agenda of the TRIPS sub-committee of the Inter-Institutional Trade Committee (IITC).

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Publication date: 17 Jun 2003

Sustainable Development Beyond Rio+10: Consolidating Environmental Democracy in Uganda through Access to Justice, Information and Participation

This report is a synthesis of findings from an assessment of Uganda's progress in the implementation of the commitments contained in Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration....

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Publication date: 09 Aug 2001

Sustainably Utilizing our Natural Heritage: Legal Implications of the Proposed Degazettment of Butamira Forest Reserve

This policy brief analyses the constitutional and legal aspects of the proposed degazettment of Butamira Forest Reserve. The Government of Uganda is attempting to degazette and lease out the land comprised in the Reserve to Kakira Sugar Works for sugar cane growing....

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Publication date: 07 Jun 2001

The Precautionary Principle, Biotechnology and Environmental Litigation: Complexities in Litigating New and Emerging Environmental Problems

The paper argues that while the precautionary principle provides a fresh opportunity to link up science and policy, and mitigate the dilemma faced by public interest lawyers, this paper argues that the principle is being lost in the debate over free market access and "sound science." Consequently, the principle is unlikely to crystallize into an accepted principle of customary international law and this will adversely affect its application in municipal jurisdictions....

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