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Green Economy

The Uganda National Household Survey 2016/17 shows that poverty levels had gone up to 27 percent from 19.7 percent in 2012/13; this is partly because of the negative effects of green cover deterioration in Uganda. So a transition into a green economy for Uganda will lead to: inclusive growth and poverty eradication, employment creation and improved food security. The Green Economy Dialogues Project is implemented by the Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE) in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) with support from the European Union.

About Green Economy Dialogues Project

The project started in Uganda in 2017 and it will run for three years. Prior to kicking off the project in Uganda, ACODE joined the Green Economy Coalition (GEC) in 2016. The GEC is the largest global alliance of organisations working on green economy. It is committed to accelerating the transition to green and fair economies. GEC membership is in Africa, Asia, South America, North America and Europe and represents a wide range of interests including the poorest, business, environment, research and government and the United Nations.

Project Goal

The Green Economy Dialogues Project aims at creating enabling policy conditions for Uganda's transformation towards an inclusive green economy.

Project activities

The Green Economy Dialogues project has three core activities i.e. green economy dialogues, policy and communications.

Green economy dialogues are organised around the five green economy themes i.e. understanding and measuring success of green economy; financing green economy; inequality, poverty reduction and inclusive green economy; greening high impact sectors and managing natural systems.

Policy activities of the Green Economy Dialogues project are organised around policy research on green economy in Uganda; strategic engagement meetings with key policy makers, private sector, civil society and academia on green economy matters; and partnerships with policy makers and relevant national green economy policy processes.

Communications activities are organised around a green economy online learning alliance, interactive Uganda green economy web page with a blog, press releases and green economy social media groups.

Importance of Green Economy and its Implication in Uganda

The Uganda Green Growth Development Strategy (2017) defines green growth as “an inclusive low emissions economic growth process that emphasises effective and efficient use of the country’s natural, human, and physical capital while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide for present and future generations.” Uganda’s motivation to green its economy is driven by ( i) the need to achieve Uganda Vision 2040 and National Development Plan goals in a sustainable manner (ii) increasing severity of the impacts of climate change.

Uganda’s progress towards greening its economy

In a bid to establish a policy and institutional framework that is conducive to green growth, Uganda launched its Uganda Green Growth Development Strategy (UGGDS) in November, 2017. The UGGDS is intended to operationalize the broad green growth principles highlighted in Agenda 2030, the Uganda Vision 2040 and the NDPII (2015/16-2019/20) to support Uganda’s accelerated transition to a middle-income status. Specifically, the UGGDS seeks to achieve three objectives:

  • Accelerate economic growth and raise per capita income through targeted investments in the priority sectors with the highest green growth multiplier effects.
  • Achieve inclusive economic growth with poverty reduction, improved human welfare and employment creation.
  • Ensure that social and economic transition is achieved through a low carbon development pathway that safeguards the integrity of the environment and natural resources.

The UGGDS has been developed under the leadership of the National Planning Authority; Climate Change Department of the Ministry of Water and Environment; and the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development with support from the United Nations Development Programme. For more details on the UGGDS, click here. Uganda has also already undertaken a study to assess the economic impact of green growth and published a report on this. The study was undertaken by Government of Uganda through the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development; Economic Policy Research Centre; Global Green Growth Institute; the New Climate Economy; and the Coalition for Urban Transitions, a special initiative of the New Climate Economy. For more details on the report, click here.

Green Economy Transition Highlights Globally
  • President Macron of France is becoming the face of global leadership against climate change.
  • Following the lead of the Bank of England, Australia’s financial regulation authority is now officially warning banks that climate change is affecting the global economy.
  • India raised $400m in a new green bond for solar and wind projects in-country, helping institutional investors overcome concerns as to the risk of investing in Indian renewables.
  • The EU have lowered charges for green investments.
  • In the UK, Michael Gove has announced a restructuring of agricultural subsidies, aiming to reward environmental stewardship and social value creation.
  • UK & Canada announced global alliance to phase out coal power; while the new Dutch coalition government has agreed to shut down all coal-fired plants by 2030 – including 3 which were only built in 2015.
Useful References

Kaggwa, R, Namanya, B., Greening Uganda’s Economy as the Sustainable Pathway to Middle Income Status, Kampala. ACODE Policy Research Series, No. 85, March 2018.

CANARI, GEC Global Meeting Report 2017: Supporting Green Enterprises to Drive the Transition to Inclusive Green Economies 2017.

Monika Dittrich, Stefan Giljum, Stephan Lutter, Christine Polzin: Green economies around the world? Implications of resource use for development and the environment. Vienna. 2012.

Xiaoxue Weng, Zhanfeng Dong, Qiong Wu and Ying Qinv. 2015. China’s path to a green economy: Decoding China’s green economy concepts and policies. IIED Country Report. IIED, London.

Egorova Maria, Pluzhnic Marina, Glik Pavel, 2014. Global trends of Green economy development as a factor for improvement of economical and social prosperity.

International Training Centre, 2016. Greening Economies Enterprises and Jobs: The role of employers’ organizations in the promotion of environmentally sustainable economies and enterprises.

Patrick ten Brink, 2014. Nature and its role in the transition to a green economy.

Aline Krämer and Martin Herrndorf, 2012. Policy Measures to Support Inclusive and Green Business Models.

Government of Uganda, 2016. ACHIEVING UGANDA’S DEVELOPMENT AMBITION: The Economic Impact of Green Growth; An Agenda for Action.

Markéta von Hagen and Johanna Willems, 2012. Women’s participation in green growth – a potential fully realised?

WP1272, 2014. Real green economies.

To access the Delegation of the European Union to Uganda website, click here