Evidence and Lessons from Latin America(ELLA) is a knowledge sharing and learning platform, funded by the UK Department for International Development. The platform shares knowledge of recent Latin American experiences on selected economic, environmental and governance issues; It supports learning between Latin American, African and South Asian countries and provides a networking platform for organisations and individuals to link to Latin America.
ELLA is synthesising knowledge of Latin American countries’ recent experience on more than 20 policy and practice issues in economic development, environmental management and governance. Some experiences are innovative, others are tried and tested. Themes have been chosen on the basis of topicality, likely demand and known contributions from Latin American countries. Practical Action Consulting Latin America is leading the management of the ELLA project. Under the ELLA project, ACODE partnered with Grupo FARO to do a study on Local Content in the Oil and Gas Sector in Africa and Latin America. Grupo FARO is an Ecuadorian think tank that seeks to support and strengthen the State, civil society and the private sector through the generation of participative research, collective action and informed dialogue.
An ELLA Learning Alliance is a mix between and online course and a community of practice that brings together policymakers, practitioners and researchers from Latin America, Africa, and other regions to engage in a programme of exchange and learning. The alliance promotes networking between individuals and organisations facing common development challenges. It encourages the initiation of collaborative efforts and works through an interactive platform, email updates, and events and meetings in several countries in Africa and Latin America.
ACODE and Grupo FARO moderated the ELLA online learning alliance on a theme local content in the oil and gas sector which started in May 2016 and ended in August 2016. The alliance had five topics to be debated by different scholars worldwide being guided by invited experts. Each topic took an average of two weeks after which a synthesis of the topic was produced by the respective moderator. Mr. Juan José Herrera was the lead Moderator from Grupo FARO and Prof. Elijah Dickens Mushemeza was the lead moderator from ACODE. A synthesis will be produced on what was achieved from the learning alliance.
At the end of the ELLA online learning alliance, eight most active participants from Africa and two from Latin America were selected to go to Ecuador for the study tour. The objective of the study tour was to enable participants to experience firsthand the recommendations and knowledge gained from the Latin American experiences and to facilitate (south-south) knowledge and experience exchange between participants, hosts and people they interact with. The lessons from the study tour will be published.
1. Research Design Methods: This research design and methods paper is a working document, and the first stage in the conduct of a joint comparative research on local content frameworks in the oil and gas sector jointly published with Grupo FARO.
2. Regional Evidence Papers (REPs): This paper seeks to analyse how the Local content frameworks influenced the development outcomes of selected African oil and gas countries. The study was guided by the question ‘ what types of frameworks promote local content in African oil and gas producing countries and what have been the outcomes of these frameworks. ACODE did and published the African perspective of Local Content in the Oil and Gas Sector while Grupo FARO did the Latin American perspective of Local Content in Oil and Gas Sector.
3. Policy Briefs: These policy briefs were extracted from respective Regional Evidence Papers done by ACODE and Grupo FARO. ACODE’s policy brief is titled ‘Getting More out of the Oil and Gas Sector Lessons from Angola and Chad’ and Grupo FARO’s policy brief is titled ‘boosting the benefits from extractive industries through local content policies’
4. Infographics: The Infographics for the respective centres were developed based on the Regional Evidence Papers. ACODE’s infographic was titled ‘Getting more out of the Oil and Gas Sector in Africa’ and Grupo FARO’s infographic was titled ‘What do Local Content Frameworks look like in Latin America?’
5. Comparative Evidence Paper (CEP): This paper has been done jointly by ACODE and Grupo FARO and is about to be published. Its focus is on ‘what matters when it comes to Local Content? From the REP, it was established that countries that have emphasised National industry participation (Involvement of local companies and promotion of backward and forward linkages) have produced better outcomes in terms of skills development and job creation (employment). The case studies for CEP are Nigeria, Angola, Mexico and Brazil.